Freight accounts for 30% of all transport-related emissions and these are set to increase four-fold by 2050. For businesses considering how to remove emissions from their supply chain, one area to look is in the proportion of freight by mode.
But what is the environmental cost of using each mode of freight and what do you do with that?
Carbon Emissions by Mode
CO2 per Tonne-km
Air freight is almost 35 times more carbon intensive than ocean freight. Air freight can be the right choice for certain products (e.g. perishable or very high value), however a reliance on air freight is also caused by other factors. Poor planning execution or volatile demand can exacerbate the issues of a Far-East sourcing strategy.